- Fat is made up of fatty acids, some of which are essential for health, in small amounts;
- Foods that contain a lot of fat provide a lot of energy. Too much can cause people to become overweight;
- Fat carries some vitamins (A, D, E and K) round the body and is necessary for their absorption.
Fat is eaten in three ways:
- Fat added to food, e.g. butter or spread on bread;
- Visible far, e.g. on meat;
- Hidden fat, e.g. in biscuits, cake and chocolate.
Main types of fat:
- Saturated fat;
- Unsaturated fat.
- Usually solid at room temperature;
- Found in meat, full fat dairy foods and pastry;
- Too much can lead to an increased risk of heart disease.
Foods high in saturated fat:
- Usually liquid at room temperature;
- Tend to be vegetable fats and oils;
- Can help lower cholesterol levels;
- Provide the essential fatty acids.
Foods high in unsaturated fat:
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